This theme speaks to both the history and future of rural communities. The waterfalls, fjords and lakes of Telemark became the heart of industrialization with the harnessing of hydropower. A canal cut into the heart of the region to serve the growing industries in Notodden and Rjukan. The steep slopes and high mountains that cradled the romantic notion of Norwegian national culture were transformed from pastoral idyll to an industrial landscape. Now these industrial landscapes have been designated UNESCO world heritage. This heralds yet another transformation of economy in times that call for ecological, social and cultural sustainability. Examples of questions that will be raised are:
- What is the creative and innovative balance between livelihoods, natural systems and a changing place culture?
- How to promote sustainability in rural entrepreneurship and development?
- How is “sustainable development” co-constructed in such challenging contexts?
- How to initiate and sustain collaboration between different actors in various local and regional sectors?
- What are the impacts when global heritage policies meet local cultural policies and cultural traditions?
- What is the role of a rural aesthetic and ethic in the use and protection of cultural and natural assets?
- How to use natural and cultural heritage in the experience economy?
- What role does Friluftsliv/Outdoor life play in transforming rural communities?